Prijedor municipality is located in the northwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the entity of Republic of Srpska, on the banks of the river Sana and Gomjenica, and on Kozara mountain slopes.
Prijedor became an important commercial and trade centre thanks to Roman roads and navigation of the Sana river, as well as the first railway built in 1873. Historical buildings and infrastructure from the Ottoman and Austrian-Hungarian periods are a feature of the urban landscape.
Today, Prijedor is a large urban, trade and industrial center and hosts some of the famous international companies and companies from Bosnia Herzegovina.
According to the latest census conducted in 2013, in the area of Prijedor municipality were registered 97.588 inhabitants situated in 71 settlements (organized in 49 local communities), of which about half makes rural population.
Prijedor is the third largest municipality in the Republic of Srpska entity, after Banja Luka and Bijeljina, and the seventh largest municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Total area of the municipality occupied 834 square kilometers.